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The Grammar Aquarium

Grammar notes, online and handout exercises for EFL and ESL 

News May 2005. Just added a new exercise about pronouncing the three /s/ sounds and explain and tell.

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Language Area
Explanation
Exercises
Adverbs of frequency
Notes 
Online 
Adverbs of manner
Somebody, anybody, nobody, something, anything and nothing
Notes 
Online 
To be in the present simple
Notes 
Online 
Countable and uncountable nouns
Notes 
Online 
Demonstratives (this etc)
Notes 
Online 
Have and have got
Notes 
Online 
Possessive adjectives and pronouns
Notes 
Online 
Possessive nouns 's
Notes 
Online 1 2 3 
Some and any
Notes 
Online 
Subject and object pronouns
Notes 
Online 
There is / there are
Notes 
Online 
Which or what?
Notes 
Online 

Language Area
Explanation
Exercises
Adjectives: comparative and superlative
Notes 
Online 
Print-out 1 2
Adjectives ending in -ED and -ING
Notes 
Online 
Adjectives: word order
Notes 
Online 1 2 3
Adjective formation with suffixes -able, -ible
Notes 

-

Adjective formation with suffixes -ful, -less
Notes 
Adverbs of degree
Online 
Agreeing and disagreeing (So do I etc)
Online 
All, half, most and none
 
Online 
Although and despite
Notes 
Online 
Any more, no longer and still
 
Online 
Articles: a, an and the
Notes 
Online 
Articles: definite and zero
Notes 
Online 
As and like
Notes 
Online 
As long as, providing that and unless
 
Online 
As soon as, if and unless
 
Online 
Connectors
Notes 
Online 
Direct and indirect pronouns
 
Online 
Either, neither and both
Notes 
Online 
Enough and too

False friends
Online 
Few, a few, little, a little
Gerund or infinitive after the verb - secondary level

-

Gerund or infinitive after the verb - First Cert. level

-

Gerund or infinitive with remember and try (meaning change)

-

Gerund or infinitive: typical student mistakes

-

Homonyms

Notes 1 2

Homophones
Modifying adjectives and adverbs: easily, by far etc

-

Noun formation with suffixes -ance and -ence
Notes Scroll down
Online 

 -

Parts of speech
Notes 1 2  
Online 1 2 3 4

-

The Passive voice
Notes 
Online 
The Passive in questions

-

Online 
Plural and singular nouns and verbs
Online 
Pronunciation: -ough

Online 1 2

Pronunciation: vowels and stress

-

-

Pronunciation of the three /s/ sounds

-

-

Pronunciation of the regular past
Purpose: for, to and so that

-

Online 
Question tags (,isn't it?)
Notes 
Online 
Reflexive pronouns
Notes 
Online 
Relative clauses: defining
Notes 
Online 
Relative clauses: non-defining
Notes 
Online 
Reported speech
Notes 
Online 
Reported speech - questions
 
Reported speech - orders
 
Reporting verbs
Notes 
Online 1 2
Print-out 1 2
So and such
Online 
So and such, still and yet

-

-

Spelling
 Notes 1 2 3
Online 
 
Still and yet
 
Online 
Translations Spanish to English

-

-

Word order: typical mistakes

-

 

 

MODAL VERBS
Language Area
Explanation
Exercises
Can, could and to be able to
Notes 
Online 
Can, could, may and might - probability
Notes 
Online 
Can, could, may, might - ability and permission
Online 
Can't, could, may, might, must - deduction
Online 
Don't have to and mustn't
Online 
Had better and would rather
Notes 1 2
Online 
Have something done
Notes 
Online 
Make, let and to be allowed to
 
Online 
Might/would + have + past participle
Notes 
Online 
Must, have to, should and ought to - obligation
Online 
Need, needn't and should

-

Online 
Used to and to be/get used to
Notes 
Online 

 

 

Language Area
Explanation
Exercises
After adjectives (afraid of etc)
Notes 
Online 
After verbs (want to etc)
 
Online 
At, in, on and to
Notes 
Online 
At and in

-

Online 
At and to

-

Online 
Directions

-

Online 
During and for

-

Online 
For and to

-

Online 
From and of

-

Online 
In and on

-

Online 
Place
Notes 
Online 
Time
Notes 
Online 
Typical preposition mistakes
 
Online 

 

 

Language Area
Explanation
Exercises
Auxiliary verbs

-

Online 
Indirect questions
No auxiliary verb

-

Online 
Passive questions

-

Online 
Question tags
Notes 
Online 
Question words or interrogatives
Notes 
Online 
Short answers

-

Online 
Which or what? 
Notes 
Online 
Word order in questions

-

Online 1 2 3 4

 

 

Language Area
Explanation
Exercises
Conditional - zero
Conditional - the first
Conditional - the second
Online 1 2 3
Conditional - the third
Conditional - I wish and if only
Future continuous
Future perfect
Going to
Online 1 2 3 4 5 6
Going to or will
Mixed tenses

-

Past continuous
Past perfect or past simple
Past perfect continuous
Past simple
Past simple: irregular verbs
Xwords 1 2 3
Print-outs 1 2
Past simple: pronunciation of -ed
 
Present continuous
Present perfect continuous
Present perfect: already, just, still, yet
Present perfect: for and since
Present perfect or past simple

-

Present simple
Present simple: the third person S

-

Present simple or continuous
Subjunctive
Print-out 1 2 *
* for Spanish speakers   

 

 

Language Area
Explanation
Exercises
For Spanish speakers: translations and mistakes
Going to and questions
Have got, comparatives, short answers and word order
Some and any, questions and irregular verbs

 

 

Language Area
Explanation
Exercises
Achieve, manage and reach

-

Alone, lonely and only
Be and Get
 
Beat, earn and win
Believe and think
Been and gone
Borrow and lend
Care, matter and mind

-

Come and go

-

Commonly confused words
Do and make
Early and soon
Expect, hope and wait

-

Explain and tell

-

 
Excited, nervous and worried

-

False friends
Online 
Get-together, meeting and reunion

-

Hard, heavy and strong collocations

-

Home, house and household

-

Important, interesting and serious

-

Job and work

-

Journey, travel and trip

-

Know and meet

-

Lay, lie and lie
Lexical phrases with give, have and take

-

Like and want
Look like and seem

-

Look, see and watch

-

Lose and miss

-

Remember and remind

-

Say and tell

-

Speak and talk

-

 

 

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